Specify the ethical issues that encircle the purpose or questions
The Granitz article revealed several potential sources, or determinants that can influence an organization’s ethics. The article outlines three determinant categories that contribute to the sharing of ethical reasoning in individual, social, and organizational determinants. Granitz (2003) notes that the purpose of the research was to examine the individual and organizational determinants to organizational ethics sharing and variation of ethical reasoning and moral intent. Further, Granitz (2003) explores the strength of each determinant in relation to sharing of both ethical reasoning and moral intent. Scenarios were utilized which presented ethical dilemmas measured through sharing scores, and regression analysis. The questions that linked the ethical issues to the populations under study were based off of economic, social, and cultural environmental factors.
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Specify ethical issues that encircle the research problem
The research problem identifies a large gap between organizational ethical decision making and the large spectrum of ethics that each respective employee from the entire employee base operates within. The article further discusses the challenge that management faces in unifying a set code of ethics throughout the organization as well. The author reinforces the need for management comprehension towards sharing of ethical beliefs between company cliques.
Specify ethical issues that encircle the data collection
Granitz (2003) posited that the measurement of Machiavellianism, Locus of Control (LOC), personal moral intensity, organizational commitment, codes of ethics, and social ties would outline the social and organizational determinants that could support the four hypotheses outlined in the article. The likelihood of unethical behavior was measured for organizational sharing aspects through the aforementioned categories. The results for each category were relatively significant in support of their respective hypotheses. Specifically, the Machiavellianism-sharing survey showed that there was a higher likelihood of ethics sharing, and LOC externals were significantly stronger in sharing for a specific scenario. The way I interpret this information is that if the organization has strong social ties, and the overall organizational code of ethics from senior leadership that is communicated supports either type of social determinant then there is a higher likelihood of ethics sharing.
Specify the ethical issues that encircle the data analysis and interpretation
The article presents a well-supported argument with a position that supports an interpretation that employees have different levels of ethics intensity and can both share and reason collectively. This theory furthers that this behavior can vary as well with different types of environmental ethical dilemmas. Granitz (2003) further reinforces this thought in the conclusion of the article with the mentioning of social ties as a key determinant in influencing group ethics. The data-analysis breaks down the different groups under study into scenario based dependent variables that support hypotheses presented earlier in the article. I interpret the findings to support an overall theme that the people are social in nature and typically adopt the ethical code of the group or clique that they respectfully belong to within the organization.
Granitz, N. A. (2003). Individual, social and organizational sources of sharing and variation in the ethical reasoning of managers. Journal of Business Ethics, 42(2), 101-125. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/198001500?accountid=8289
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