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NURS 6301: Infections-Immune Disorders and Compensatory Mechanisms

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NURS 6301 Week 3: Infections-Immune Disorders and Compensatory Mechanisms essay assignment

NURS 6301: Advanced Pathopharmacology | Week 3 essay assignment

Whether a person realizes it or not, his or her body regularly uses compensatory mechanisms, such as adaptive and maladaptive responses. These compensatory mechanisms help the body respond to stressors or triggers. While sometimes these automatic physiological responses are positive and assist the body in maintaining proper function, other times, they may result in adverse health effects. Consider the case of Gwendolyn King. She experienced symptoms of an unknown cause for 2 years before being diagnosed with lupus. These symptoms included joint pain in her hands, fever, rashes on various parts of her body, and eventually pain in her knees and ankles. Initially, she was believed to have arthritis. However, doctors later diagnosed her with lupus (Bennett, 2012). For 2 years, King experienced compensatory mechanisms that were primarily maladaptive. In her case, the maladaptive responses were symptoms of an underlying and potentially fatal autoimmune disorder.

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As an advanced practice nurse, it is important for you to identify the root of compensatory mechanisms and underlying responses, as they could be signs of infections and immune disorders. This week, you examine maladaptive and physiological responses of immune disorders. You also explore drugs used to treat immune disorders, as well the impact of patient factors on the drugs.

Learning Objectives

Students will:

  • Compare maladaptive and physiological responses of immune disorders
  • Analyze types of drugs prescribed to treat immune disorders
  • Evaluate the impact of patient factors on the pathophysiology of immune disorders
  • Evaluate the impact of patient factors on the effects of prescribed drugs for immune disorders
  • Evaluate drug therapy plans for immune disorders
  • Analyze methods of patient education

Maladaptive responses to disorders are compensatory mechanisms that ultimately have adverse health effects for patients. For instance, a patient’s allergic reaction to peanuts might lead to anaphylactic shock, or a patient struggling with depression might develop a substance-abuse problem. To properly diagnose and treat patients, advanced practice nurses must understand both the pathophysiology of disorders and potential maladaptive responses that some disorders cause.

Consider immune disorders, such as HIV, psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease, and systemic lupus E. What are resulting maladaptive responses for patients with these disorders?

To prepare:

  • Review Chapter 6 and Chapter 8 in the Huether and McCance text, as well as the Yi, et al, article in the Learning Resources. Reflect on the concept of maladaptive responses to disorders.
  • Select two of the following immune disorders: HIV, psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease, and/or systemic lupus E (SLE).
  • Think about the pathophysiology of each disorder you selected. Consider the compensatory mechanisms that the disorders trigger. Then, compare the resulting maladaptive and physiological responses of the two disorders.
  • Consider the types of drugs that would be prescribed to patients to treat symptoms associated with these disorders and why.
  • Select one of the following patient factors: genetics, gender, ethnicity, age, or behavior. Consider how your selected factor might impact the disorder. Then, reflect on how your selected factor might impact the effects of prescribed drugs, as well as any measures you might take to help reduce any negative side effects.

By Day 3

Post a brief description of the pathophysiology of the immune disorders you selected. Explain how the maladaptive and physiological responses of the two disorders differ. Then, describe the types of drugs that would be prescribed to patients to treat symptoms associated with these immune disorders and why. Explain how the factor you selected might impact the pathophysiology of each disorder as well as the effects of prescribed drugs. Finally, explain any measures you might take to help reduce any negative side effects.

Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses.

By Day 6

Respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days who selected different immune disorders and/or factors than you, in the following ways:

  • Share insights on how the factor you selected impacts the pathophysiology of the immune disorder your colleague selected.
  • Suggest alternative recommendations for drug treatments.
  • Expand on your colleague’s posting by providing additional insights or contrasting perspectives based on readings and evidence.

Assignment: Immune Disorders in Pediatrics and Geriatrics essay assignment

In this week’s Discussion, you began exploring the pathophysiology and treatment for immune disorders, such as HIV, psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease, and systemic lupus E. You continue this exploration as you consider these disorders in specific patient groups: pediatrics and geriatrics. As an advanced practice nurse, you must understand the differences in the pathophysiology of these patients, as well as how the drugs used to treat immune disorders might impact the body systems of pediatric and geriatric patients. These two patient groups process and respond to drugs differently than the average adult in their absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of drugs. For this reason, special consideration must be taken when treating immune disorders in pediatric and geriatric patients.

To prepare:

  • Review this week’s media presentation on antimicrobials.
  • Select one of the following immune disorders: HIV, psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease, or systemic lupus E (SLE).

Note: Select a different disorder than the two that you selected for this week’s Discussion.

  • Think about the pathophysiology of your selected disorder. Compare pathophysiological changes in pediatric and geriatric patients.
  • Consider the types of drugs that are used to treat symptoms associated with your selected disorder. Reflect on how the drugs might impact various body systems in pediatric and geriatric patients, as well as measures you might take to help reduce any negative effects.
  • Reflect on how you might educate a pediatric patient on the disorder you selected and how you might educate a geriatric patient on the same disorder. Consider how you would promote medication adherence, as well.

NURS 6301: Infections-Immune Disorders and Compensatory Mechanisms

By Day 7 of Week 4

To complete:

Write a 3- to 4-page paper that addresses the following:

  • Explain the pathophysiology of the disorder you selected. Then, compare pathophysiological changes in pediatric and geriatric patients.
  • Describe the types of drugs that are used to treat symptoms associated with the disorder you selected. Explain how these drugs might impact various body systems in pediatric and geriatric patients, as well as measures you might take to help reduce any negative effects.
  • Explain how you might educate a pediatric patient on the disorder you selected and how you might educate a geriatric patient on the same disorder. Include your rationale for each approach, as well as how you would promote medication adherence.

 

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