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MSEM 6100 Week 4: Overview of Federal Policy Structure

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MSEM 6100 Week 4: Overview of Federal Policy Structure essay assignment

MSEM 6100: Critical Issues in Emergency Management | Week 4 essay assignment

Point, aim, blame! Who is to blame when an emergency strikes? Local agencies? State authorities? The federal government? People are often quick to blame federal agencies for what is perceived to be a lack of response or inadequate response to emergency management situations. What is unknown to many is the complicated federal structure that guides U.S. policy related to emergency management. It is this structure that provides for deploying the military in times of national crises. While using the National Guard during disasters might be considered acceptable, the thought of the military securing cities and arresting civilians during a state of martial law may cause some apprehension.

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This week, you consider the influence of the Department of Homeland Security on federal-to-state relations and on emergency management. Next, you examine the role of the military in disaster response. In addition, you complete one of two courses to earn an Emergency Management Institute (EMI) certificate from FEMA.

Learning Objectives

Students will:

  • Analyze influence of the creation of the Department of Homeland Security on federal-to-state relations
  • Analyze impacts of the creation of the Department of Homeland Security on emergency management
  • Evaluate the role of the military on disaster response
  • Apply concepts and procedures related to the National Incident Management System (NIMS) or the National Response Framework

The creation of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) changed the way the nation responds to catastrophic incidents. Some people argue that these changes were long overdue and improve the way emergency response occurs. Others argue that folding FEMA into DHS creates confusion and impairs an effective federal emergency response, termed federalism. This argument proposes that responses to emergency management disasters are inadequate and dangerous for people living in impacted areas. Regardless of which side of the argument policymakers find themselves, it is agreed that the DHS changed how emergency management responses are launched in the United States.

For this Discussion, consider the influence of the DHS on federal-to-state relations. Then think about the positive and negative impacts the creation of the DHS has had on emergency management.

With these thoughts in mind:

By Day 3

Post a brief explanation of how the creation of the Department of Homeland Security has influenced federal to state relations. Then explain at least one positive and one negative impact the creation of the Department of Homeland Security has had on emergency management.

Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.

Read a selection of your colleagues’ postings.

By Day 5

Respond to at least one of your colleagues’ postings in one or more of the following ways:

  • Ask a probing question.
  • Share an insight from having read your colleague’s posting.
  • Offer and support an opinion.
  • Validate an idea with your own experience.
  • Make a suggestion.
  • Expand on your colleague’s posting.

Return to this Discussion in a few days to read the responses to your initial posting. Note what you have learned and/or any insights you have gained as a result of the comments your colleagues made.

Discussion 2: Role of the Military in Disaster Response essay assignment

During the events of 9/11, the military scrambled fighter jets that were tasked with patrolling the skies around Washington, D.C. and New York City. In the wake of Hurricane Katrina and other disasters, the military has been called on to respond to communities in dire need. The United States Coast Guard was praised for the rescue of over 33,000 people during and after the storm. The deployment of military personnel and equipment was the fastest and largest in United States history. The National Guard of each state plays a significant role in responding to domestic disasters. There are disputes, however, about federalizing the National Guard because this might signal that relations between the president and the governor of the respective state may have broken down. Other questions surrounding the use of deadly force by National Guard troops, and the issue of declaring martial law to maintain civil order, loom large in the debate.

For this Discussion, consider the role of the military in disaster response.

With these thoughts in mind:

By Day 4

Post a brief explanation of the role of the military in disaster response. Then explain any positive or negative impacts the military may have on disaster response.

Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.

Read a selection of your colleagues’ postings.

MSEM 6100 Week 4: Overview of Federal Policy Structure

By Day 6

Respond to at least one of your colleagues’ postings in one or more of the following ways:

  • Ask a probing question.
  • Share an insight from having read your colleague’s posting.
  • Offer and support an opinion.
  • Validate an idea with your own experience.
  • Make a suggestion.
  • Expand on your colleague’s posting.

Return to this Discussion in a few days to read the responses to your initial posting. Note what you have learned and/or any insights you have gained as a result of the comments your colleagues made.

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